Learning Obstacles

Vision Issues, Pt III

Here is a list written by the Optometric Extension Program Foundation that gives educators a way to discover whether a child may have vision problems:


Educator’s Checklist of Observable Clues to Classroom Vision Problems

Appearance of Eyes

  • One eye turns in or out at any time
  • Reddened eyes or lids
  • Eyes tear excessively
  • Encrusted eyelids
  • Frequent sties on lids

Complaints When Using Eyes at Desk

  • Headaches forehead or temples
  • Burning or itchy eyes after reading or desk work
  • Print blurs after reading a short time.
  • Complains of seeing double.
  • Words move or “swim” on the page.

Behavioral Sign of Visual Problems: Eye Movement Abilities

  • Head turns as reads across the page
  • Loses place frequently during reading
  • Needs finger or maker to keep place
  • Short attention span in reading or copying
  • Frequently omits words
  • Writes up or downhill on paper
  • Rereads or skips lines unknowingly
  • Orients drawings poorly on page

Eye Teaming Abilities (Ocular Motility)

  • Repeats letters within words
  • Omits letters, numbers, or phrases
  • Misaligned digits in number columns
  • Squints, covers, or closes one eye
  • Tilts head extremely while working at desk
  • Odd working posture at desk activities

Eye Hand Coordination Abilities

  • Must feel things “to get the idea”
  • Eyes not used to steer hand motions (extreme lack of orientation, placement of words, or drawing page)
  • Writes crookedly, poorly spaced; cannot stay on ruled lines
  • Misaligns both horizontal and vertical series of numbers.
  • Uses hands as “spacer” to control spacing and alignment on the page.
  • Repeatedly confuses left-right directions.

Visual Form Perception (Visual Comparison, Visual Imagery, Visualization)

  • Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
  • Reverses letters/and or words in writing or copying
  • Difficulty recognizing minor differences
  • Repeatedly confuses similar words with similar beginnings and endings
  • Fails to visualize what is read silently or read aloud
  • Whispers to self for reinforcement while reading silently
  • Uses “drawing with fingers” to discriminate similarities and differences

Refractive Check (Nearsightedness, Farsightedness, Focus Problem, etc.)

  • Quickly loses interest in reading
  • Blinks excessively at desk tasks or reading
  • Holds books too close; face too close desk
  • Makes errors in copying from the whiteboard to paper
  • Makes errors in copying from page to paper
  • Squints to see whiteboard or asks to move closer
  • Rubs eyes during or after short periods of visual activity
  • Blinks to clear whiteboard after reading or writing